In the USA, patients with chronic heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) following a worsening HF event (WHFE) have significantly increased healthcare resource use and medical costs. This analysis aimed to estimate the budget impact of vericiguat as an add-on therapy to guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) for the treatment of chronic HFrEF following a WHFE from a US commercial payer perspective.
A model was developed to estimate the budget impact of adding vericiguat to the formulary by comparing a current scenario (GDMT) and a new scenario (vericiguat plus GDMT) to a hypothetical 10-million-member commercial payer over a 3-year time horizon. Epidemiology data was obtained from literature. Treatment utilization rates of GDMT and clinical inputs (HF hospitalization and cardiovascular [CV] morality) were based on the VICTORIA trial in which patients with chronic HFrEF following a WHFE were randomized to GDMT plus placebo or GDMT plus vericiguat. Costs (2020 US$) included drug acquisition, hospitalization, routine care, and mortality.
Approximately 20,510 prevalent cases in year 1 and 3109 annual incident cases in subsequent years were estimated to be eligible for treatment with vericiguat. At a utilization rate of 5%, 10%, and 15% for vericiguat over years 1-3, the per member per month (PMPM) budget impact was estimated to be $0.048, $0.064, and $0.086, respectively, associated with 44, 32, and 30 fewer HF hospitalizations and 7, 12, and 18 fewer CV deaths, respectively. Reduction in HF hospitalizations and CV deaths reduced the budget impact by 14% in total over 3 years.
Adding vericiguat to commercial plan formulary was associated with limited budget impact, primarily driven by drug acquisition costs but partially offset by reduced cost of HF hospitalizations and CV deaths.